Changing nature of warfare

Or, rather, I was formally trained as an historian. But my approach to teaching strategy is essentially an historical approach.

Changing nature of warfare

Types[ edit ] Some argue that the changing forms of third generation warfare represents nothing more than an evolution of earlier technology.

Aerial warfare Aerial warfare is the use of military aircraft and other flying machines in warfare. Aerial warfare includes bombers attacking enemy concentrations or strategic targets ; fighter aircraft battling for control of airspace; attack aircraft engaging in close air support against ground targets; naval aviation flying against sea and nearby land targets; glidershelicopters and other aircraft to carry airborne forces such as paratroopers ; aerial refueling tankers to extend operation time or range; and military transport aircraft to move cargo and personnel.

Asymmetric warfare A military situation in which two belligerents of unequal strength interact and take advantage of their respective strengths and weaknesses. This interaction often involves strategies and tactics outside the bounds of conventional warfareoften referred to as terrorism.

Biological warfare Biological warfare, also known as germ warfare, is the use of any organism bacteria, virus or other disease-causing organism or toxin found in nature, as a weapon of war.

Changing nature of warfare

It is meant to incapacitate or kill enemy combatants. It may also be defined as the employment of biological agents to produce casualties in man or animals and damage to plants or material; or defense against such employment. Chemical warfare Chemical warfare is warfare associated military operations using the toxic properties of chemical substances to incapacitate or kill enemy combatants.

Electronic warfare Electronic warfare refers to mainly non-violent practices used chiefly to support other areas of warfare. The term was originally coined to encompass the interception and decoding of enemy radio communicationsand the communications technologies and cryptography methods used to counter such interception, as well as jammingradio stealth, and other related areas.

Over the later years of the 20th century and early years of the 21st century, this has expanded to cover a wide range of areas: Lind and expanded by Thomas X. Hammesused to describe the decentralized nature of modern warfare.

The simplest definition includes any war in which one of the major participants is not a state but rather a violent ideological network. Fourth Generation wars are characterized by a blurring of the lines between war and politics, combatants and civilians, conflicts and peace, battlefields and safety.

While this term is similar to terrorism and asymmetric warfare, it is much narrower. Classical insurgencies and the Indian Wars are examples of pre-modern wars, not 4GW.

Fourth generation warfare usually has the insurgency group or non-state side trying to implement their own government or reestablish an old government over the one currently running the territory.

The blurring of lines between state and non-state is further complicated in a democracy by the power of the media. Land warfare Ground warfare involves three types of combat units: InfantryArmorand Artillery.

Encyclopedia of

Infantry in modern times would consist of Mechanized infantry and Airborne forces. Usually having a type of rifle or sub-machine gun, an infantryman is the basic unit of an army. Armored warfare in modern times involves a variety of Armored fighting vehicles for the purpose of battle and support.

Tanks or other armored vehicles such as armored personnel carriers or tank destroyers are slower, yet stronger hunks of metal. They are invulnerable to enemy machine gun fire but prone to rocket infantry, mines, and aircraft so are usually accompanied by infantry.

In urban areas, because of smaller space, an armored vehicle is exposed to hidden enemy infantry but as the so-called "Thunder Run" at Baghdad in showed, armored vehicles can play a critical role in urban combat.

In rural areas, an armored vehicle does not have to worry about hidden units though muddy and damp terrain have always been a factor of weakness for Armored tanks and vehicles.

Changing nature of warfare

Artillery in contemporary times, is distinguished by its large calibre, firing an explosive shell or rocketand being of such a size and weight as to require a specialized mount for firing and transport. Weapons covered by this term include "tube" artillery such as the howitzercannonmortarfield gunand rocket artillery.

The term "artillery" has traditionally not been used for projectiles with internal guidance systemseven though some artillery units employ surface-to-surface missiles. Recent advances in terminal guidance systems for small munitions has allowed large calibre shells to be fitted with precision guidance fuses, blurring this distinction.

Guerrilla warfare Guerrilla warfare is defined as fighting by groups of irregular troops guerrillas within areas occupied by the enemy. When guerrillas obey the laws and customs of warthey are entitled, if captured, to be treated as ordinary prisoners of war ; however, they are often treated by their captors as unlawful combatants and executed.This 'working paper' is a heavily edited, enlarged, and updated version of one delivered to a conference at Oxford University on "Clausewitz in the 21st Century" in March It is designed for presentation in electronic format on the web.

The second type of war is the war of ideology — or of values. Wars of religion are a common example of this type.

To be sure, the two kinds of war frequently overlapped. any mechanical contrivance. a machine or instrument used in warfare, as a battering ram, catapult, or piece of artillery.

By Ray C. Stedman

Obsolete. an instrument of torture, especially the rack. One year ago in these pages I published my first article as Army Chief of Staff. In it, I outlined my three priorities: (1) Readiness, (2) Future Force, and (3) People. Changing nature of warfare 1.

Essay Questions Exam Preparation Thank you to Sir Roger Manwood School for this presentation 2. Assess the impact of developments in communications and transport .

Aircraft sortie rates. First of all we’d like to use the opportunity to thank everyone who have contributed to the aircraft sortie rate discussions since the early s.

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