Health as a human right essay

Definition[ edit ] Constitution of the World Health Organization[ edit ] The preamble of the World Health Organization WHO Constitution defines health broadly as "a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. Grad credits the WHO Constitution as "claiming Universal Declaration of Human Rights[ edit ] Article 25 of the United Nations' Universal Declaration of Human Rights states that "Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food, clothing, housing and medical care and necessary social services. United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights Navanethem Pillay writes that the Universal Declaration of Human Rights "enshrines a vision that requires taking all human rights—civil, political, economic, social, or cultural—as an indivisible and organic whole, inseparable and interdependent.

Health as a human right essay

In regard to the history of American communism the essay demonstrates a significant shift by two major left historians; but in regard to the history of American anticommunism, however, little has changed.

The two issues are inextricably mixed and as welcome as movement on the first matter is, the immobility on the second shows the still yawning gap between their perspective and mine.

Isserman and Schrecker are leading figures of the revisionist view of American communism that has dominated academic history from the s to the late s. To the extent the issue was even addressed, and often it was not, the CPUSA as an institution was judged as not involved in Soviet espionage and, at most, only a few individual Communists cooperated with Soviet intelligence.

Revisionists treated most of those accused in the late s and s of participation in Soviet espionage as innocents maligned by wicked perjurers egged on by American security agencies eager to frame Communists for crimes they did not commit.

Schrecker and Isserman recognize that the evidence that has emerged since the collapse of the USSR has rendered this view untenable.

This is to their credit in as much as too many historians, including leading figures in the profession and its chief journals, corrupted by a combination of ideological myopia and partisanship along with a measure of incompetence, have averted their eyes and pretended that the new evidence changes nothing.

Health as a human right essay

For better and Health as a human right essay it was the vehicle through which hundreds of thousands of Americans sought to create a more democratic and egalitarian society. Most party members lived in that public world of American communism.

They had no connection with, or even knowledge of, another world. From the party's inception, several hundred thousand Americans have joined out of a deeply felt belief in the necessity of overturning America's economic and political order and establishing a new society based on Marxism-Leninism.

In her Many Are the Crimes: They insist that we "reduce the entire history of That aside, Isserman and Schrecker's new position is a major advance over the "uncritical filiopietism," to use their own term, that too often permeated the revisionist version of the history of American communism.

There still remain, however, issues both of fact and interpretation regarding the history of American communism that Schrecker and Isserman avoid confronting. The factual issues that need to be directly addressed are several, of which only a partial listing includes the following.

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The CPUSA's abandonment of hundreds probably more than a thousand of former members who had emigrated to the USSR in the s and early s and who fell victim to Stalin's terror in the mids, either secretly executed or imprisoned in the Gulag.

This abandonment was more than the passive act of pretending it didn't happen but actively justifying the purges and seeking to discredit those who tried to tell the truth. The party's practice of sending infiltrators into rival organizations of both the left and right in order to manipulate or disrupt their activities.

The party's use of its members who were college faculty and students to harass faculty who actively supported Trotsky, and its use of its influence in liberal advocacy groups to deny forums and lecture venues to those did not accept the party's views on Trotsky.

The party's use of its adherents in trade unions to support the party's political tactics and adjusting collective bargaining goals to conform to party political strategy. Confronting these facts also requires an assessment of what it says about the nature of the Communist party and of Communists themselves.

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What does it tell about the mentality of American Communists that when family member of the emigrant Communist Finnish-Americans who had been imprisoned and murdered in the hundreds by Stalin's political police were, when they returned to the U.

These matters of fact and what they say of the nature of the American Communist movement and of American Communists are serious matters. But there is also a basic matter of ethical perspective that still separates Schrecker and Isserman's views from mine.

They write in all seriousness of Communists working to "create a more democratic and egalitarian society. Democracy is a concept with varied meanings but at bottom it is a term for popular self-government and the procedures that allow a people to ensure that rulers are answerable to the ruled.

Democracy recognizes the only legitimate government as one that receives the freely given consent of the governed. This nation was founded as a democratic republic and much of our history revolves around the expansion of the democratic polity and democratic liberties to include excluded groups.Menu Abortion access: All sides of the issue.

About abortion: Abortion is a very active topic on the Internet. Google found over million hits for "pro-life" and . A reliable source of health articles, optimal wellness products, medical news, and free natural newsletter from natural health expert Dr.

Health as a human right essay

Joseph Mercola. Return to Responses, Reflections and Occasional Papers // Return to Historical Writings.

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Reflections on Ellen Schrecker and Maurice Isserman's essay, "The Right's Cold War Revision". Locke's Essay is a massive, scarcely organized work that is easy for students to get lost in and difficult for teachers to lend coherence to.

But Winkler's abridgment succeeds remarkably at bringing out the underlying structure of Locke's masterpiece without sacrificing any of the long and important passages that put the meat on that structure.

The right to health is the economic, social and cultural right to a universal minimum standard of health to which all individuals are entitled. The concept of a right to health has been enumerated in international agreements which include the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and the Convention on the Rights of Persons with.

The Coddling of the American Mind. In the name of emotional well-being, college students are increasingly demanding protection from words and ideas they don’t like.

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