Primary sources in academic writing

History[ edit ] From a letter of Philip II, King of Spain, 16th century In scholarly writing, an important objective of classifying sources is to determine their independence and reliability. For example, these ideas may be used to trace the history of scientific theories, literary elements and other information that is passed from one author to another.

Primary sources in academic writing

This can lead to problems in writing research papers that require primary sources. The best way to meet the requirements of an essay or research paper is to know what type of sources are needed, which means knowing the difference between primary and secondary sources.

Primary sources means that it is original article or book created by an individual or sometimes a group of people.

Primary, secondary and tertiary sources

What types of primary sources are available? It might be surprising to know that a novel is a primary source. Other types of primary sources are paintings created by the artist.

If it were a photocopy of the painting, then it would be a secondary source. Some other primary sources are letters, films, short stories, plays, poems, photographs, court cases, journal articles, newspaper events, and speeches.

For instance, a speech by President Bush would be a primary source. In simple terms primary sources come firsthand from the source or person. Diaries would be a primary source because it is written directly by the individual writing in the diary. Primary sources are usually firsthand information about something such as diaries, court records, interviews, research studies about experiments, and information that has been stated but not interpreted by others.

Some examples of primary sources are e-mails and letters. They are directly written about one person.

What are Primary and Secondary Sources in Research? - Write a Writing

If this letter was written during World War II and analyzed by another person then it would be a secondary source. Debates, community meetings, surveys, and observations are some different primary sources.

primary sources in academic writing

Secondary sources are sources that are written about primary sources. Secondary sources analyze, interpret, and discuss information about the primary source. If a magazine writer wrote about the speech President Bush gave on September 11th, it would be a secondary source.

The information is not original, but it is an analysis of the speech.

The Difference between Primary Sources and Secondary Sources

In simple terms, a secondary source writes or talks about something that is a primary source. For instance, if a person were to write about a painting hanging in the art gallery, this would be a secondary source discussing the original art.Proposed policy change to WP:NOR Primary, secondary, and tertiary sources.

All articles should rely on reliable, third-party published sources with a reputation for fact-checking and accuracy. Purdue University's Online Writing Lab Bibme Suggestions for Further Reading. On this page: Writing for College; Constructing an Informed Argument; Choosing an Appropriate Topic; Finding a Rhetorical Stance; Considering Structure.

Primary vs. Secondary Research

Access our free college textbooks and low-cost learning materials. Readings from the First-Century World: Primary Sources for New Testament Study (Encountering Biblical Studies) [Walter A.

Elwell, Robert W. Yarbrough] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Readings from a variety of genres provide Bible readers with essential background information on the New Testament. Multifactor Authentication.

primary sources in academic writing

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Importance Of Primary And Secondary Sources In Academic Essays |