Blog The Protestant Reformation The Protestant Reformation was a major 16th century European movement aimed initially at reforming the beliefs and practices of the Roman Catholic Church. Its religious aspects were supplemented by ambitious political rulers who wanted to extend their power and control at the expense of the Church. The Reformation ended the unity imposed by medieval Christianity and, in the eyes of many historians, signaled the beginning of the modern era. A weakening of the old order was already under way in Northern Europe, as evidenced by the emergence of thriving new cities and a determined middle class.
It started in Poland and Transylvania in the s, and was recognised as a religion in Transylvania within 10 years. In England, Unitarian ideas were being discussed by the mid s in the writings of John Biddleand the first Unitarian congregation came into being in at Essex Chapel in London, founded by a former Church of England minister, Theophilus Lindsey.
The distinguished scientist and minister Joseph Priestley also played a key role in the formation of the movement. The North American version has much in common with the UK version but includes additional ideas brought in when Universalist Church of America founded in and the American Unitarian Association founded in merged in to form the Unitarian Universalist Association.
The Canadian Unitarian Council represents the Canadian congregations. The North American church has for many decades been much more 'humanist' than Unitarian churches elsewhere in the world. Recently, however, there has been a movement in the Unitarian Universalist Association to be more accepting of what its President calls the "language of reverence".
This seems to be the result of the rising influence of a younger generation that is more attuned to spiritual values or that has had fewer bad traditional church experiences. Today Unitarian Universalism encompasses liberal ChristiansJewsBuddhistshumanists and followers of earth-centred spirituality neo-pagans within its ranks.
Historically, the North American Unitarian movement is not a child of the European movement. Although it benefited from immigrants and visitors from Europe such as Joseph Priestley, who also discovered oxygenit was largely a reaction against the "Great Awakening" of the s and the Calvinist ideas that it contained.
A turning point came in when William Ellery Channing gave the sermon 'Unitarian Christianity', which became the key text for liberal religion in North America.
In this sermon he set out the foundation stones: These distinguished American writers emphasised intuition as the source of knowledge and believed that that God is present in every individual and throughout the natural word. The intuition of the moral sentiment is an insight of the perfection of the laws of the soul.
These laws execute themselves. They are out of time, out of space, and not subject to circumstance. Thus; in the soul of man there is a justice whose retributions are instant and entire. He who does a good deed, is instantly ennobled. He who does a mean deed, is by the action itself contracted.
He who puts off impurity, thereby puts on purity. If a man is at heart just, then in so far is he God; the safety of God, the immortality of God, the majesty of God do enter into that man with justice. Ralph Waldo Emerson July 15, May 09, · Thesis: This exhibit demonstrates how the Protestant Reformation of the 16 th century significantly impacted the Roman Catholic religion in Europe..
Block 1. My first block provides support for how the Protestant Reformation began on October 31st, with Martin Luther’s posting of . HISTORY OF THE REFORMATION OF THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY by J. H. Merle D’Aubigne Formatted by Maranatha Media arteensevilla.com President of the Theological School of Geneva, and Vice President of the Societe Evangelique.
The life and times of Martin Luther: Selections from D'AubigneÌ 's famed History of the Reformation of the sixteenth century (The Tyndale series of great biographies) by Merle d'AubigneÌ, J. H and a great selection of similar Used, New and Collectible Books available now at arteensevilla.com God appointed the 16th century to be the time of reformation, and had pre-pared the Church in many ways for this reformation.
Religious, economic and political factors that had been brewing for centuries set the stage for the Reforma-tion.
The Reformation in the 17th and 18th Century The Theological Banquet The question of predestination to salvation or damnation was one of the central – and most controversial – ideas of the Reformation.
Churchgoers in 16th-century Europe faced the dilemma of what to believe as truth. Raised to believe in the supremacy of the pope and in other teachings of the church, they were confronted with new ideas spread by the Reformation, which was sweeping through Europe at the time.